Object Record

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Collection Speer Collection
Catalog Number 1999.0001.1236
Object Name Mano
'Iipay Aa Name hapiichaa
Description A whole hand-held grinding stone, also known as a mano in Southern California archaeology. This large bifacial stone is used with one hand and possibly two hands for grinding and was shaped in construction. It is oval in shape. The stone material is a granitic (granite) with muscovite mica and inclusions of pink feldspar. It is coarse grained.

This grinding or milling stone has long, fine, dark-feathered mineral lines on two areas. All sides equally pitted and appear similar. Striations appearing on the surface suggest that this mano was used in an undulating or back and forth movement. Wear marks on the width of the perimeter sides suggest grinding. The stone appears to be pecked over the entire surface, although a bit smoother on the dorsal side; pecking increases the grinding surface for greater traction.

Dimensions:
Length - 5.629", Width - 4.448", Height - 2.440", Weight - 3.659 lbs

Provenance This artifact was found within the local San Diego County region, collected 1910-1950.
Date Late Prehistoric (1300-800 YA)
Material Granitic
Culture Kumeyaay / DiegueƱo
Place of Origin San Diego County
Caption Mano, granitic: ventral view, side A (pecked worked surfaces).
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