Object Record

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Collection Speer Collection
Catalog Number 1999.0001.0902
Object Name Point, Spear
'Iipay Aa Name kwerraaw
Description A whole projectile point, in Southern California archaeology terms, also known as a spearpoint. According to Dr. Tim Gross (University of San Diego) and Richard Carrico (San Diego State University), the type is a San Dieguito spear point from the Archaic or PaleoIndian period, possibly 10,000 years ago. This bifacial tool is triangular in shape. The base is stemmed and corner-notched in the hafting area. The stone material is metavolcanic, most likely Santiago Peak metavolcanic. It is fine grained.

The ventral side has several large random flakes across the body. On the tip edges there are fairly even small bilateral flake scars of retouch. The dorsal side has large parallel flake scars mainly on the diagonal with a few smaller scars going the other direction to form a slight wavy ridge almost to the left margin. Further microscopic investigation indicates use-wear on the edges. There is evidence of retouch, or reworking, noted by newer scarring or it may be accidental during handling in recent times. The stem is broad with straight edges extending from basal notches to form the hafting area The entire lower half of the point has staining from soil that is deeply embedded.

Length - 4.763", Width - 1.614", Depth/Thickness - 0.472", Weight - 2.098 oz

Provenance This artifact was found within the local San Diego County region, 1910-1950.
Date Archaic or PaleoIndian (10,000- 1300 YA)
Material Metavolcanic
Technique Percussion Flaking
Culture Kumeyaay / DiegueƱo
Place of Origin CA, SDi
Caption San Dieguito Spearpoint--horizontal view, ventral side, edge A.